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石雕群是什么


发布时间:2012-05-22 00:00:28 阅读:3201

石雕群是陵前放置的石雕人、兽,古称石像生(石人又称翁仲)。从碑亭北的两根六角形的石柱起,至龙凤门止的千米神道两旁,整齐地排列着24只石兽和12个石人,造型生动,雕刻精细,深为游人所喜爱。其数量之多,形体之大,雕琢之精,保存之好,是古代陵园中罕见的。山西长治的汉白玉石雕麒麟

    石兽共分6种,每种4只,均呈两立两跪状。将它们陈列于此,赋有一定含义。例如,雄狮威武,而且善战;獬豸为传说中的神兽,善辨忠奸,惯用头上的独角去顶触邪恶之人。狮子和獬豸均是象征守陵的卫士。麒麟,为传说中的"仁兽",表示吉祥之意。骆驼和大象,忠实善良,并能负重远行。骏马善于奔跑,可为坐骑。石人分勋臣、文臣和武臣,各4尊,为皇帝生前的近身侍臣,均为拱手执笏的立像,威武而虔诚。在皇陵中设置这种石像生,早在两千多年前的秦汉时期就有了。主要起装饰点缀作用,以象征皇帝生前的仪威,表示皇帝死后在阴间也拥有文武百官及各种牲畜可供驱使,仍可主宰一切。人物石雕大松石雕艺术滋养于民间的许多祠、庙、塔、桥、碑坊以及雕梁画栋、龙柱、藻井类文物遗存之土,其石件雕刻承传民间传统雕刻之脉络,展现古典之风骨,闪乐典雅之性灵。艺术的生命在于"外师造化,中得心源"。璞石与金玉是源与流,返朴才能归真。以石悟道,以石鉴心。中国的石文化在漫长的历史长河中以自身的秉性,在雕琢之中放射出性灵的光芒。让我们在与石的对话里,共同向世人展示自然的奥妙和人生的哲理。石料:连江青石、虹山青石、654、606#、632#、633#等石材。工序:构思、选料、打荒、造型、刀工、点压、打磨、作旧。石雕技艺中,可以跟据现有的石料造型、大小因材施艺,在整个雕刻过程中始终以这种清醒的创作理念雕刻加工。在点压过程中,按照古式制法进行打磨,其点压分大中小荔枝圆点磨,主要功效在于不留新式刻刀痕迹。再以粗细砂布依次打磨后,加以作旧处理。中国民俗专家讲:"石雕不开光是石雕工艺品,开光后就是具有灵气的瑞兽。"所以"非宁静无以致远;非精诚无以神明。"我厂特聘三行大师是"中国《周易》研究会"理事,(嵩山少林寺海灯大师再传俗家弟子)为您所用石雕礼器工艺品进行了开光;堪舆礼器的安放,将瑞兽安放在恰当的地位;恰当的限度;恰当的时间(即最佳、最好、最合适)。使您的事业臻至完美,并保住完善状态。麒麟是天上的神物,不是地上的,常伴神灵出现,是神的座骑,属火系属天仙。一般不会飞,不过成年的麒麟是会飞的。成年的麒麟能大能小,平时较慈祥,发怒时异常凶猛。主聪慧,祥瑞。成年的麒麟法术全面,同龙一样,能飞能入水,并生有双翼但并不靠双翼而靠驾云飞翔。山东省嘉祥县龙腾石雕厂是集艺术设计,开发制作,生产刻制于一体的大型石雕贸工企业。具有圆雕,透雕,线雕,平雕,浮雕,画雕等多种工艺,可为城市机关,企业,学校,公园,旅游景点等部门提供各种适应的石雕艺术品。利用优质天青石、晚霞红、汉白玉、砂岩、大理石、花岗石、银灰白石、雪花白等石材雕刻成各类艺术用品和摆件,例如:历史人物神像、花鸟走兽、香炉、石亭、石塔、石桥、牌坊、龙柱、浮雕、栏杆、石桌椅、石凳等,真可谓琳琅满目,品种繁多。"有一个美丽的传说,精美的石头会唱歌"。勤劳善良智慧的嘉祥人用巧手赋天青石以灵性,使美丽的传说在嘉祥变成活生生的现实.嘉祥石雕,历史悠久,雕艺精湛,风格独特。自古嘉祥"家家闻锤响,户户操钎忙"。千年以来,中国嘉祥凭借其独特的地理优势,和嘉祥人民的智慧与勤劳,得以一直屹立在中国石雕文化的巅峰。说起嘉祥石雕的历史,可谓源远流长。早在东汉时期,雕画大师卫改的"选择名石,南山之阳,抉取妙好,色无斑黄,前设坛坦,后建祠堂,雕刻文画,罗列成行",使"武氏墓群石刻"流芳千古,被称为古代民族文化的艺术瑰宝。武氏祠内的一对大型石狮,是我国现存石狮中唯一有确切年代记载的石狮造型艺术珍品,堪称石狮雕刻的鼻祖:两狮昂首扭颈,张口怒目。一狮左足还抚摸着一只惹人喜爱的毛发卷曲的小狮。这些由古代嘉祥石雕艺人创作的石雕艺术,向世界展示了我国古代石雕的辉煌成就,展示了中华民族1800年前的高超艺术水平,生动再现了汉代及汉代之前的社会生活,透现出先秦时期的历史文化。祠内十大帝王图、水陆攻战图等画像石栩栩如生。联合国教科文组织曾评价:这些汉代石刻画像超过了同期埃及的石刻和希腊的瓶画。吸引了无数国内外游客、学者前来观赏、研讨。嘉祥石雕雕艺精湛,风格奇异,是历代官府向朝廷进献之贡品中国最早的石雕狮子在我们嘉祥------"武氏墓群石刻"。嘉祥龙腾石业座落在闻名全国的嘉祥,风景优美,石材矿产资源非常丰富。不同的地质构造,大自然给予了我们得天独厚的青石、锈石等页岩资源。当二十一世纪来临的时候,人类崇尚自然,反璞归真,移自然为家庭环境的理念越来越强,越来越诚。我们与石有缘,带着对"石"的挚爱和崇尚,不断探索进取,用心去思索用心去雕刻,利用天然石材纹理,进行艺术构思,将传统雕刻工艺与现代建筑相结合,化腐朽为神奇,天人合一。给在城市里繁忙工作的人们献上一份温馨、自然、古朴的石材和石画作品,以满足人们强力回归自然的心境。Stone group is placed before the stone, beast, known as the statue of Health( Shirengou also called horse). From the Pavilion North two hexagonal pillar, to the Dragon Gate Stop km Shinto side, neatly arranged with24 stone animals and12stone, lively style, fine carving, deep love for the visitors. Their number, form big, sculpture is fine, preservation of good, is the ancient cemetery of rare.Stone animal is divided into6, each4, are two of two knees. They are on display in this, endowed with a certain meaning. For example, the mighty lion, and warrior; Xie Zhi for the legendary beast, contend the loyal, idiomatic head unicorn to top of the wicked. The lion and the Xie Zhi are symbolic and mausoleum guard. Kylin, as the legendary" benevolence beast," says auspicious meaning. Camels and elephants, faithful and kind, and can load. The horse is good at running, for mount. Stone branch Xun Chen, Wen Chen and Wu Chen, all4 statues, for the emperor's melee a hill, all over with wat the statues, and pious. In the setting of this statue of health, in the early two thousand years ago during the Qin and Han Dynasties have. The main decorative embellishment role, as a symbol of the emperor's Miriam Granville, said the emperor died in Hades with officials and all kinds of livestock for driving, can still be Lord of all. Figure carving large stone carving art in the folk, nourish many shrine temple, tower, bridge, Monument and a richly ornamented building, dragon column, caisson type of cultural relics of the earth, its stone carving tradition traditional folk sculpture of the choroid, show the classical strength, Shanle elegant spirit.The art of life is" nature outside, in the heart". Pu stone and jade is source and flow, returns Piao Guizhen to. Stone enlightenment, to Shi Jianxin. China stone culture in the long river of history with its own characteristics, in the Polish radiate spiritual light. Let us in and stone in the dialogue, common to show the world the secrets of nature and philosophy of life.Stone: Lianjiang Qingshi, rainbow mountain stone,654,606,632,633### stone.Procedure: conception, choice of materials, make barren, modeling, knife, point pressure, grinding, for the old. Stone carving art, according to the existing stone shape, size because of Shi Yi, in the engraving process is always in the conscious creation concept carving processing. In the pressing process, in accordance with the traditional preparation method for grinding, the grinding point pressure and litchi dots, main effect that leave no traces of new burin. In order to coarse emery cloth polishing, making old processing.Chinese folklore experts say:" do not open is a stone carving crafts stone carving, front is a spirit beast." So" peace to Zhiyuan; not sincere to the gods." Our factory specially three lines is the master of" Chinese" Zhouyi" research"( director, Shaolin Temple of Songshan Hai master send lay disciples) as you use stone ware crafts were light; geomantic ritual place, will be placed in the proper position of auspicious; appropriate limits; the right time(i.e., the best, the best the most suitable). Cause you perfect, and keep the perfect state. Kylin is heaven", not on the ground, often accompanied by God, is God mounts, a fire is a fairy. Generally will not fly, but adult kylin is flying. Adult kylin great to small, usually a kind, angry fierce when. Main method, auspicious. Adult kylin spells comprehensive, dragon, can fly into the water, and wings but does not rely on wings and fly on the cloud. Shandong province Jiaxiang county dragon stone factory is a set design, development, production integration in the making of large stone trade company. A sculpture, engraving, line engraving, Ping carving, relief sculpture, painting and other crafts, for the city authorities, enterprises, schools, parks, tourist attractions and other departments to provide all kinds of adaptation of stone carving art. The use of high-quality lapis lazuli, sunset red, white marble, sandstone, marble, granite, silvery white stone, snow white and other stone carving into various art supplies and decoration, for example: historical figures, birds and flowers, incense, beast statue, stone, stone, stone arches, columns, railings, the Dragon relief, stone tables and chairs, stools, really is a superb collection of beautiful things, variety." There is a beautiful legend, exquisite stone sing". Industrious and kind-hearted wisdom of Jiaxiang with a skilled Fu celestite spirituality, make beautiful legend in Jiaxiang to become a living reality. Jiaxiang stone carving arts, has a long history, superb, unique style. Ancient Jiaxiang"the families of Wen Chui ring, a drill drill". Since the millennium, Chinese Jiaxiang by virtue of its unique geographical advantage, and Jiaxiang people's wisdom and hard-working, be always stand in the Chinese stone culture of peak. Speak of Jiaxiang stone carving history, has a long history. In the early period of the Eastern Han Dynasty, carved painting master guardian离风狮爷几百米远处,有一古石雕"石狮爷",相貌和功能与风狮爷相似。民俗专家说,"石狮爷"本名"石狮公",可以说是风狮爷的原型。

    记者看到,石雕的头顶有一个"王"字,嘴巴衔着一把剑。

    村民陈先生说,"石狮爷"已有三四百年历史,相传是建村时建的,镇风沙、克妖魔。据介绍,石雕原本是立体方形的,但在"文革"时期遭到破坏,被运到附近一个水利站当成了建筑材料。后来被重新运回,并立在原处。

    民俗专家张再勇告诉记者,"石狮爷"本名为"石狮公",容貌确如村民所言与风狮爷有点相近,且功能也有相似之处,都可以镇风沙。

    他说,风狮爷形象是一步步演变而来的,跟"石狮公"有极大关联。最早是泰山石敢当,然后中原文化往南流传,到了南方则演变成"石狮公"雕塑。到了明朝中末期,翔金两地人民将"石狮公"再次演变成如今的"风狮爷"。目前,石敢当、石狮公和风狮爷在翔安都能找到。可以说,"石狮公"是"风狮爷"的原型。to"choose a stone, Nan Yang, will take great good, color without yellow spots, set before the altar, built after the ancestral temple, carved paper, painting, listed in", make" Wushimuqun stone" leave a good name throughout the ages, known as the ancient national culture art treasures. The temple of a pair of large stone lions, is our country extant lions are the only exact time documented lion art treasures, is a carved stone lions originator: two lions head neck torsion, opening eyes. A lion's left foot is touching a lovely hair curl cubs. The Jiaxiang stone carving artists created by ancient stone carving art, to show the world China's ancient stone brilliant achievements, demonstrated the Chinese nation before1800's superb artistic level, vivid reproduction of the Han Dynasty and preceded the social life, shows the pre-Qin period of history and culture. In the temple, ten emperor of amphibious attack graph portrait stone true to life likeness. The UNESCO has evaluation: the Han Dynasty stone portrait over the same period the Egyptian inscriptions and Greek vase painting. Attracts numerous tourists both from home and abroad, to visit, research scholar. Jiaxiang stone carving art skills, grotesque, is the official offer tribute to the Chinese earliest stone lions in Jiaxiang------" Wushimuqun stone". Jiaxiang dragon stone industry is located in the famous Jiaxiang, beautiful scenery, stone mineral resources are very abundant. Different geological structure, nature has given us the Qingshi, rust stone be richly endowed by nature such as shale resources. When twenty-first Century comes, the human nature, nother nature, shifting nature family environment philosophy is more and more strong, more and more sincere. We and the stone has the edge, with the" stone" love and respect, continue to explore the progress, hard to think hard to carve, utilization of natural stone texture, artistic conception, the traditional carving techniques combined with modern architecture, turn bad into good, harmony between man and nature. Give in the city busy working people offer a warm, natural, simple stone and stone painting works, in order to meet the people's strength to return to natural state of mind.

 
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